Data Notes

The Shire of Murrindindi and Lower Hume Primary Care Partnership have partnered to make this profile of the Murrindindi community available. The data on this website comes from a number of different sources, including the Australian Bureau of Statisics (ABS), the Department of Employment (Australian Government), Geografia, and the Victorian Government.

Key Sources

Key data sources utilised on this profile are detailed below.

ABS Census

The primary source of demographic data utilised on this website is the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing. The Census of Population and Housing is undertaken by the Australian Bureau of Statistics every five years. It aims to measure accurately the number of people and dwellings in Australia on Census Night, and a range of their key characteristics. Unless otherwise specified, data is from the latest Census, undertaken in 2016. Historical data is also utilised from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses. Unless otherwise noted data is retrieved from the 'place of usual residence' data set, rather than the 'place of enumeration' data set. For more information about the differences between these two data sets, please refer to the relevant glossary item.

ABS Estimated Residential Population

The Australian Bureau of Statistics provides an annual update of the estimated population at a Local Government (LGA) and Statistical Area 2 (SA2) level. This is seen as the most 'official' and current estimated population of the Shire, and major districts (SA2s).

Victoria In Future

Population projections for the Shire are adapted from Victoria In Future (VIF), with additional modelling undertaken by Geografia.

Department of Employment (Australian Government)

The Department of Employment (Federal Government) presents regional labour market data for each of the approximately 1,400 Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) in Australia. The estimates have been smoothed using a four-quarter average to minimise the variability inherent in the estimates at the SLA level. The Department of Employment website provides an unsmoothed series. A description of the methodology used to prepare the estimates is also provided on the Department's website. More information can be obtained here.

Department of Environment and Primary Industries (Victorian Government)

The Department of Environment and Primary Industries Guide to Property Values lists sales data for houses, flats and units, vacant residential land, and commercial, industrial and rural properties. The data is compiled using information lodged every time a property sale is completed. It provides property statistics for Victoria's 79 municipalities and lists yearly medians by suburb over a ten-year period.


Key terms used on this website are detailed below.


Mesh Blocks (MBs) are the smallest geographical unit the ABS makes available. Very limited Census data is released at this level to protect anonymity of residents of an area. Generally only land use, number of dwellings and the number of residents is made available. This site uses meshblocks as the basis for locality boundaries. For more information about meshblocks, refer to the ABS website.

Place of usual residence

The Census count for Place of Usual Residence (PURP) is a count of every person in Australia on Census Night, based on the area in which they usually live. Further information is available from the ABS.

Place of Work

Place of Work (POWP) data provide information on where employed people over 15 years of age worked in the week prior to Census Night. It is coded to geographic areas known as Destination Zones (DZNs). DZNs are defined by the relevant State Transport Authority (STAs) and the ABS. More information is available from the ABS website.

Statistical Area 2 (SA2)

The Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) is an area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS), and consists of one or more whole Statistical Areas Level 1 (SA1s). In the Shire of Murrindindi, there are three SA2s which equate with the districts defined in this profile. SA2s are a useful geography as time series data is available at this level at 2001 and 2006, as well as 2011.

Statistical Area 1 (SA1)

The Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1) is the second smallest geographic area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS), as defined by the ABS. SA1 is the finest geographical level that Census data is generally made available. There are around 54,000 SA1s in Australia. On this website, town boundaries are constructed using SA1s. For more information about SA1s refer to the ABS website.

Dependency Ratio

The dependency ratio is a measure of the number of residents that are not considered to be of working age (e.g. too young or old to work) relative to the number of residents of working age (15 to 64 years old). The dependency ratio is a proxy measure for productivity and financial burden in a local area. As the dependency ratio increases there is an increasing need for the population to maintain the upbringing and pensions of the economically dependent. This results in direct impacts on financial expenditures on services specific to children and older adults - such as education, childcare, pensions and aged care. Areas with higher dependency ratios often also have lower discretionary spending capacity, influencing demand for things like retail, leisure and entertainment. The dependency ratio measure ignores the fact that an increasing proportion of 65+ continue to work, and that many of those of 'working age' are not actually working.

Specific Notes


There are different measures of population size, coming from different sources, and relevant to different geographical areas. Different measures are used on different parts of this website.

  • The population counts from the ABS Census of Population and Housing. The Census collects data on the number of people that usually reside in a local area. This is referred to as the Place of Usual Residence population. This population measure is used on this website for local level populations (e.g. at a township, locality or SA1 level)
  • The Estimated Residential Population (ERP) from the ABS. This figure is the official population estimate published by the ABS, and represents the organisation's best estimate of the population of a local area. This data is only available at SA2 and LGA level. It is not available at a township or locality level. The ABS updates the ERP annually, and historical populations to 2002 are made available on this website. Data from the 2014 ERP update (ABS series no. 3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia) has been used on this website. The Estimated Residential Population for 2013 is a preliminary figure provided by the ABS and will be subject to revision in future releases of the data series.
  • Population Forecasts. The Victorian Government has developed population forecasts at an LGA level, that are referred to as "Victoria in Future" (VIF). These forecasts are used on this website at an LGA level and are not available for any other geographical area. More information about VIF is available from the Victorian Government. The Victoria in Future 2014 update has been utilised on this website.

Index of Disadvantage

The Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD) ranks areas according to their relative socio-economic disadvantage. The SEIFA scores are based on a number of measures recorded from the 2016 Census of Population and Housing. A number of factors should be considered when interpreting SEIFA IRSD scores.

  • In statistical terms, the index is not normally distributed.
  • The index may be impacted by some compositional bias. For example, areas with many older residents show higher levels of disadvantage due to their lower incomes. The index does not consider household wealth.
More information about SEIFA IRSD scores is available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Township Boundaries

For town level data,township boundaries have been determined by the Shire of Murrindindi, and represent groupings of SA1 areas. The boundaries do not necessarily equate to those compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics using the Urban Centre and Locality (UCL) classification