The Shire of Murrindindi and Lower Hume Primary Care Partnership have partnered to make this profile of the Murrindindi community available. The data on this website comes from a number of different sources, including the Australian Bureau of Statisics (ABS), the Department of Employment (Australian Government), Geografia, and the Victorian Government.
Key data sources utilised on this profile are detailed below.
The primary source of demographic data utilised on this website is the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing. The Census of Population and Housing is undertaken by the Australian Bureau of Statistics every five years. It aims to measure accurately the number of people and dwellings in Australia on Census Night, and a range of their key characteristics. Unless otherwise specified, data is from the latest Census, undertaken in 2016. Historical data is also utilised from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses. Unless otherwise noted data is retrieved from the 'place of usual residence' data set, rather than the 'place of enumeration' data set. For more information about the differences between these two data sets, please refer to the relevant glossary item.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics provides an annual update of the estimated population at a Local Government (LGA) and Statistical Area 2 (SA2) level. This is seen as the most 'official' and current estimated population of the Shire, and major districts (SA2s).
Population projections for the Shire are adapted from Victoria In Future (VIF), with additional modelling undertaken by Geografia.
The Department of Employment (Federal Government) presents regional labour market data for each of the approximately 1,400 Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) in Australia. The estimates have been smoothed using a four-quarter average to minimise the variability inherent in the estimates at the SLA level. The Department of Employment website provides an unsmoothed series. A description of the methodology used to prepare the estimates is also provided on the Department's website. More information can be obtained here.
The Department of Environment and Primary Industries Guide to Property Values lists sales data for houses, flats and units, vacant residential land, and commercial, industrial and rural properties. The data is compiled using information lodged every time a property sale is completed. It provides property statistics for Victoria's 79 municipalities and lists yearly medians by suburb over a ten-year period.
Key terms used on this website are detailed below.
Mesh Blocks (MBs) are the smallest geographical unit the ABS makes available. Very limited Census data is released at this level to protect anonymity of residents of an area. Generally only land use, number of dwellings and the number of residents is made available. This site uses meshblocks as the basis for locality boundaries. For more information about meshblocks, refer to the ABS website.
The Census count for Place of Usual Residence (PURP) is a count of every person in Australia on Census Night, based on the area in which they usually live. Further information is available from the ABS.
Place of Work (POWP) data provide information on where employed people over 15 years of age worked in the week prior to Census Night. It is coded to geographic areas known as Destination Zones (DZNs). DZNs are defined by the relevant State Transport Authority (STAs) and the ABS. More information is available from the ABS website.
The Statistical Area Level 2 (SA2) is an area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS), and consists of one or more whole Statistical Areas Level 1 (SA1s). In the Shire of Murrindindi, there are three SA2s which equate with the districts defined in this profile. SA2s are a useful geography as time series data is available at this level at 2001 and 2006, as well as 2011.
The Statistical Area Level 1 (SA1) is the second smallest geographic area defined in the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS), as defined by the ABS. SA1 is the finest geographical level that Census data is generally made available. There are around 54,000 SA1s in Australia. On this website, town boundaries are constructed using SA1s. For more information about SA1s refer to the ABS website.
The dependency ratio is a measure of the number of residents that are not considered to be of working age (e.g. too young or old to work) relative to the number of residents of working age (15 to 64 years old). The dependency ratio is a proxy measure for productivity and financial burden in a local area. As the dependency ratio increases there is an increasing need for the population to maintain the upbringing and pensions of the economically dependent. This results in direct impacts on financial expenditures on services specific to children and older adults - such as education, childcare, pensions and aged care. Areas with higher dependency ratios often also have lower discretionary spending capacity, influencing demand for things like retail, leisure and entertainment. The dependency ratio measure ignores the fact that an increasing proportion of 65+ continue to work, and that many of those of 'working age' are not actually working.
There are different measures of population size, coming from different sources, and relevant to different geographical areas. Different measures are used on different parts of this website.
The Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage (IRSD) ranks areas according to their relative socio-economic disadvantage. The SEIFA scores are based on a number of measures recorded from the 2016 Census of Population and Housing. A number of factors should be considered when interpreting SEIFA IRSD scores.
For town level data,township boundaries have been determined by the Shire of Murrindindi, and represent groupings of SA1 areas. The boundaries do not necessarily equate to those compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics using the Urban Centre and Locality (UCL) classification